Flea prevention and treatment
The fleas can be a great nuisance to you and your pet, as the flea bite can cause intense itching and irritation. The good news is that it can be prevented and treated.
Fleas are small insects that live in your home and on pets. These little buggers generally infest cats and dogs, but sometimes they also affect rabbits.
How can you tell if your dog has fleas?
Fleas do not always need to be visible as they can be well hidden and you are more likely to see "flea dirt" on your pet's fur and skin. Flea dirt is actually flea poop and can be seen when you brush your pet's coat with a flea comb.
Flea infestation not only makes your pet uncomfortable, but can also transmit tapeworms and different bacterial infections. Never ignore the first signs of flea infestation; otherwise it will be difficult to get rid of it. Some early signs are
- Licking and chewing the body more than usual
- Redness or inflamed skin
Some pets may have a flea allergy, also known as flea allergy dermatitis, it will be more dangerous and your pet may need immediate veterinary assistance.
Flea prevention and treatment
The traditional approach to getting rid of fleas involves parallel treatment of pets and premises. Many flea prevention and treatment products are available to address these major challenges, such as:
- Treat the pet with flea infestation
- Prevent the future infestation
- Get rid of fleas from house and yard
Treat the pet with flea infestation
If your pet has fleas, you should consult your vet for diagnosis and treatment. There are many OTC products also available in the form of:
- Oral medications
- Topical “spot-on” solutions
- Fleas remover
Carefully read the product label and instructions for use and dosage on the pet. You should not use the dog flea treatment on cats because it can be deadly.
Flea treatment generally contains two types of ingredients, one chemical or insecticide to kill fleas and the other to treat symptoms of flea infestation, such as irritated skin, a rash, and bacterial infections.
Before using any product, ask your vet to ask these questions, how often should you use this product on your pet? What is the effectiveness of a certain product in flea infestation? How long does this treatment last?
Prevent the future infestation
You should be aware of this fact that your pet is continually at risk of flea infestation from anywhere, such as the groomer, kennel, home, yard, and neighborhood. The chances of fleas in the outdoor environment may increase due to wildlife such as raccoons, opossums, etc.
That's why the preventive flea treatment regimen is the best way to prevent future flea infestations in pets.
Prevention intervals may be different depending on the locality, for example, annual or seasonal. You should consult your vet to develop the preventive treatment regimen.
Get rid of fleas around the house and yard
You can't get rid of fleas just by giving pet flea treatment and prevention because pets can pick up the flea from the premises again. The best way to say goodbye to fleas is to treat both pets and premises.
- Start by cleaning the house first, and it is essential to make the entire area accessible by removing clothing, toys, pet food and water dishes and any other items from floors, cabinets and closets.
- Wash pet bedding, collars, harnesses, toys, or any other pets that belong to it.
- Before treatment, vacuuming is necessary as it can kill 60% of flea eggs and 30% of larvae according to the AgriLife Extension Service of Texas A&M University.
- Vacuum cleaning can also stimulate the flea to leave its cocoons early. It will increase the exposure of the treatment.
- Fleas prefer to stay in low-traffic areas, so you should also cover the edges of rooms, under beds, furniture, rugs, and cushions.
- Dispose of trash immediately after vacuuming in a sealer bag.
You can now use the flea prevention and treatment product at home. Use according to label directions or veterinary advice.
There are different types of products available in different forms, such as sprays and liquids. Aerosols also tend to dry more quickly from carpets and other surfaces.
Cleaning of yard
If your pet spends most of the time outside, then it is also important to clean the yard, otherwise treating the house and pet is enough.
The treatment of the yard is similar to that of the house. You should focus on the areas where your pet spends time and the complete garden treatment is also recommended.
Always wear protective gloves, mask, and shoes.
Flea infestation is the biggest nightmare for any pet owner, but you can prevent and treat this by regularly following the flea prevention regimen and cleaning your home and yard.